Infertility Health Library
Infertility in women is diagnosed through fertility testing when she’s unable to become pregnant after 6 to 12 months of regularly trying, depending on age.
Male infertility contributes to 40% of infertility cases and can be caused by age, lifestyle & health factors. Fertility treatment includes IUI, ICSI & IVF.
Basic fertility treatments such as lifestyle changes, IVF, IUI, ICSI or donation can help men & women overcome infertility, increasing chances of pregnancy.
Cryopreservation, the freezing & storage of eggs, sperm or embryos for future fertility treatments, is an option for those not yet ready to have children.
Third party reproduction involves surrogacy (when a woman carries a pregnancy for an individual or couple) and donation of eggs, sperm or embryos for IVF.
Parents with unused frozen embryos from IVF can assist other infertile couples with embryo donation, enabling them to implant the embryo for a pregnancy.
Egg donation, a type of third-party reproduction, enables an infertile woman or couple to achieve pregnancy. Learn the risks & benefits of donating eggs.
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is used during IVF & for male infertility to increase the chances of fertilization. Learn the benefits & risks.
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is commonly used to treat male & female infertility, increasing chances of pregnancy at a low cost. Learn about IUI.
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is the most successful fertility treatment, effective in treating both male & female infertility. Learn the benefits & risks.
Ovulation induction fertility treatment for women with anovulation, PCOS or hormone issues stimulates ovaries to produce eggs, increasing pregnancy chances.
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is a test done on embryos during IVF to identify genetic diseases (cystic fibrosis, Tay-Sachs) before implantation.
Single embryo transfer (SET) during IVF is preferred over multiple embryo transfer, primarily to reduce the chances of twins pregnancy & its health risks.
Couples may use donor sperm when the male partner has a genetic condition that could be passed on, low sperm count or quality, or blocked sperm ducts.